|Malm׳¦||-0.2ֲ°C (+31.6ֲ°F)||+16.8ֲ°C (+62.2ֲ°F)|
|Stockholm||-2.8ֲ°C (+30.0ֲ°F)||+17.2ֲ°C (+63.0ֲ°F)|
|Kiruna||-16.0ֲ°C (+3.2ֲ°F)||+12.8ֲ°C (+55.0ֲ°F)|
Daylight (approx. values)
|Malm׳¦||7 hours||17 hours|
|Stockholm||6 hours||18 hours|
|Kiruna||0 hours||24 hours|
(Population figures for 1998 if not otherwise indicated)
|Stockholm city/region||0.7 / 1.7 million|
|G׳¦teborg city/region||0.5 / 0.8 million|
/ 0.5 million
|Born in Sweden with two foreign-born parents||
(52 inh/sq mi)
Women: 82 years
|Post-retirement age (65+)||17.4%|
|Very elderly (80+)||4.9%|
|Total fertility rate (1999)||1.5 children|
Head of state:
Since 1973 King Carl XVI Gustaf, married since 1976 to Queen Silvia; three children, of whom the oldest, Victoria, is Crown Princess.
Head of government:
G׳¦ran Persson, prime minister in a Social Democratic minority government.
Every four years there are elections to the Riksdag (Parliament), municipal councils and county councils, under a proportional representation system, In parliamentary elections, a threshold of 4% of votes cast is used to prevent too many small parties from winning seats.
Parliamentary election, September 1998: distribution of seats and share of votes cast
|Political party||Seats||Share of votes cast|
|Left Party (formerly Communists)||43||12.0%|
|Center (formerly Agrarians)||18||5.1%|
|Moderates (formerly Conservatives)||82||22.9%|
Voter turnout: 81.4%
Women Members of Parliament: 43%
Swedish citizens aged 18 or over may vote and run for office. Foreign citizens who have been residents of Sweden for at least three years have the same right in municipal and county council elections.
There is general male conscription for 7.5-15 months. Sweden pursues a non-aligned security policy aiming at neutrality in the event of war in its vicinity, but is an active member of the United Nations, the European Union and many other international organizations.
Compulsory schooling is 9 years. Most pupils continue to the 3-year upper secondary school, where they choose among 16 nationwide study programs academic or vocationally oriented. Around one third of young people go on to higher education at one of the universities and colleges located throughout Sweden. There are large gender differences concerning fields of study, but not when it comes to educational level.
Instruction is free of charge at all levels of the regular school and higher education system. Private schools and colleges are few in number and generally receive government grants.
Labor force participation rate as a percentage of working-age population (Men 78.8% / Women 74.2%).
Registered unemployment rate (Men 5.8% / Women 5.1%).
Labor force by sector
Private services (39.6%)
Public services (32.6%)
Mining and manufacturing (19.6%)
Agriculture and forestry (2.5%)
Standard work week 40 hours, minimum paid vacation 5 weeks.
(figures for 1999 if not otherwise indicated)
Currency (SEK): 1 krona = 100 ׳¦re = USD 0.11 or GBP 0.07 (January 2000)
GDP: SEK 1,890 billion. GDP per capita: SEK 213,500 (1998)
National debt: 76.4% of GDP (1998)
Inflation rate: 1,2% (December 1999)